Dheeksha@NFC, 11 November 2020
NDA (JD(U) and BJP) led alliance won the legislative elections in Bihar. Nitish Kumar is back again as the Chief Minister of Bihar.
Bihar Legislative Assembly elections started on October 28th. The election was held in three phases for a total of 243 seats. The first phase of the election was held on 28th October for 71 seats. The second for 94 seats on 3 November 2020 and the third for the remaining 78 was held on 7 November 2020. The results will be announced today.
India, has a multi-party system and the contesting parties in Bihar elections are – JD(U) and BJP had joined together to form NDA, Rashtriya Janata Dal, Indian National Congress, and several left parties together formed MGB(Mahagatbhandhan).
What is the Legislative Assembly election?
India is a big country, and the center cannot govern every part of the country. For instance, the Prime Minister being in Delhi cannot possibly know what is happening in Kerala. Hence, India has Federalism.
Federalism refers to the division of power between the Central and the states government, for the better governance of the country.
Hence, India has Prime Minister in the center and Chief Ministers in the states. Elections to the Legislative Assembly (Lower House) is held once in 5 years, to elect the Chief Minister and Members of Legislative Assembly(MLA) of the states.
The Bihar legislature has two houses – Legislative Assembly (Vidhan Sabha or lower house) and Legislative Council ( Vidhan Parishad or upper house). Bihar voted for members of the Legislative Assembly. They are popularly called MLA (members of legislative assembly).
Bihar is divided into 243 constituencies and one member is elected from each constituency. In the 3 phases of the election, people across Bihar voted for their candidate in their respective constituency or the constituency they belong to.
Who will form the government?
The winning party should get at-least minimum majority seats i.e., more than 50% of 243 to form the government. If none of the parties get a clear majority then a few parties come together and form a coalition government. Those who got elected but lost as they did not get a minimum majority and could not form the government will become the opposition party.
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