Humanities Remembering Gandhiji's principles on his birthday

Remembering Gandhiji’s principles on his birthday

-

- Advertisment -
Dheeksha Rabindra

We all know when and where Gandhiji was born and how he fought relentlessly till India gained freedom from British rule.

On this day, celebrating his birthday, let us understand why was he different from other freedom fighters. Why was he was honoured as father of nation? He was different from others as he led millions of Indians teaching them the practical use of unusual weapons like Truth, non-violence, non-co-operation and civil disobedience. 

In 1942, he called upon the British to quit India and asked people to rise to the occasion. Five years and 7 days after he asked the British to quit, India secured complete Independence on August 15, 1947.

He practised what he preached. The important principles for which Gandhiji stood for are:

Satya (Truth): His influence as a leader and upholder of truth is unprecedented in History of India. He said, “An error does not become truth by reason of multiplied propagation, nor does truth become error because nobody sees it. Truth stands, even if there be no public support. It is self sustained.” He considered truth as god and non-violence as a means to attain god.

Ahimsa (Non-Violence): One of the differentiator for Gandhiji to gain momentum during the freedom struggle was Gandhiji’s principle of Non-violence. It is an essence of Gandhian technique.  He advocated a State or country to be based on Non-violence. Not to hurt any living thing is no doubt a part of Ahimsa. But that is not the end of it. Ahimsa for Gandhiji also meant not to hear evil, speak evil, think evil and see evil. He felt it is the weapon of the strong.

Satyagraha (holding onto Truth): Gandhiji’s another strong weapon was Satyagraha. He said evil should be resisted through Satyagraha and not through physical force. Satyagraha is far more superior than physical force. A satyagrahi is against violence of any form. He appeals to reason by gentle argument.

Satyagraha has many forms and they are:

Non-Co-Operation: Directed against the government or authority in the form of hartal, boycott or social ostracism or picketing. Government will be helpless if people do not co-operate.

Fasting: It is a fiery weapon to resist injustice or to change the heart of the evil-doer.

Strike: Strikes to be undertaken by workers for redressing their problems so as to change the heart of the wrong -doing of the opponent.

Civil Disobedience: Disobedience to the authority must be civil and never violent. It must be sincere, respectful and restrained and should be based on well understood principles. It must have no ill will or hatred behind it.

Hijrat: Means voluntary exile from oppression and injustice.

Sarvodaya (Welfare of all): It means uplift and welfare of all and not just few, or one section of society. It aims at moral, social and economic upliftment of the society. Acharya Vinoba Bhave true disciple of Gandhi was a staunch supporter of Sarvodaya movement. The basic ideals of Sarvodaya movement are –

  • It advocated Stateless society
  • It was against representative democracy and party system
  • Advocated loose federation of autonomous villages

For his unique principles which he practiced and preached, he was honoured as Father and Nation and was regarded as Mahatma meaning ‘Great Soul’.


 

News4children
News4children, a news portal on current affairs tapered especially for children with academic input. Every article is written in simple language with full background information, so children can understand the news better. Most of the articles include academic input, activities and vocabulary as well.

LEAVE A REPLY

Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here

five × 1 =

Latest news

Episode 11- Weekly news update

Hi Aaditya here and welcome to weekly news update November 19th is observed as 'World Toilet Day". World Toilet Day...

MeowTalk app translates cat’s meow to human language

Those who have pets at home and love animals must have, at some point, wondered wish we could understand...

World Toilet Day – Sustainable sanitation and climate change

November 19 is celebrated as World Toilet Day. The theme for 2020 is Sustainable sanitation and climate change. World Toilet...

 Best short story on favourite mythological character: Sita – The most dignified idol

By Vanshika Chaudhary  Class: VI A School: Neerja Modi School  Jaipur, Rajasthan. A manifestation of  Shakti, hidden hero of Ramayana and wife of...
- Advertisement -

Best short story on favourite mythological character: The Quest for the song of Humanity

By Manasvini Agarwal, 11 years Apollo was the Greek god of music, archery, illnesses, healing, prophecy, the Sun and poetry....

Best short story on favourite mythological character: Lakshmana – An epitome of brotherhood

Hamsa Bhatt, 9 years Lakshmana is an important character of the epic Ramayana, written by Sage Valmiki. He is one of...

Must read

How to tell if your skills are applicable to the future of work

By Artur Meyster,  CTO of Career Karma (YC W19) As...

Homeschooling during Covid19 and best homeschooling resources available online

Dheeksha.r@news4children.com With schools closed and children cooped up at home,...
- Advertisement -

You might also likeRELATED
Recommended to you