Current Affairs In a landmark judgement Supreme Court ruled internet as...

In a landmark judgement Supreme Court ruled internet as integral part of fundamental right to speech and expression. What is Judicial Review?

-

Can you imagine a day without internet in this technology driven world? Just the thought seems like fish out of water.

Jammu and Kashmir is without internet for over 150 days now. On August 5th central government abrogated article 370, imposed section 144 and blocked internet and mobile services in J&K.

After abrogation of article 370, people filed petitions challenging the internet shutdown and imposition of section 144 curbing movement in J&K.

‘Internet’ is an integral part of the fundamental right of freedom of speech and expression (Article 19 (1)), ruled Supreme Court on January 10, 2020, in a landmark judgement.

Justices NV Ramana, R Subhash Reddy and BR Gavai gave the ruling and asked the government to review internet curbs in J&K and restore services in a week’s time.

With the Citizenship Amendment Act, protest against the CAA is  staged across the country. Government had imposed restrictions under section 144 and banned internet in many places. Court said that all the such impositions should be made available in the public forum. Earlier this was not the case and hence it could not be challenged in the court. Suspension orders are always subject to Judicial Review.

What is Judicial Review?

Judicial Review is the power of the Judiciary to declare any law passed by the legislature or an executive order as void if it is against the provisions of the Constitution.

Judiciary cannot exercise this power on its own. An individual have to appeal to the court or complain to the court that his/her fundamental right is violated by the law passed by the legislature or an executive order. Then the court will decide whether that law is constitutional or unconstitutional.

This power of the court to declare an order or law as unconstitutional is called Judicial Review.


Article 19 of Constitution of India

Article 19 guarantees ‘seven freedoms’ under the Constitution of India. They are

19(1) All citizens shall have the right-

a. to freedom of speech and expression

b. to assemble peaceably and without arms

c. to form associations or unions

d.to move freely throughout the territory of India

e. to reside and settle in any part of the territory of India

g. to practice any profession or to carry on any occupation, trade or business.


Vocabulary 

Void:Not valid or legally binding.

Unconstitutional: Not in accordance with the political constitution or with procedural rules.

Abrogation: To repeal or abolition of a law, right, or agreement.


Question:

Find out which countries do not provide the basic freedom of speech and expression? Do leave a comment on the same.

News4children
News4children, a news portal on current affairs tapered especially for children with academic input. Every article is written in simple language with full background information, so children can understand the news better. Most of the articles include academic input, activities and vocabulary as well.

LEAVE A REPLY

Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here

four + twenty =

Latest news

ಬಾಹ್ಯಾಕಾಶದಲ್ಲಿ ಭಾರತದ ಮೈಲಿಗಲ್ಲು, ಯಶಸ್ವಿಯಾಗಿ ಕಕ್ಷೆ ಸೇರಿದ ಚಂದ್ರಯಾನ‌ 3 (Chandrayaan 3)

ಭಾರತದ ಅತ್ಯಂತ ಮಹತ್ವಾಕಾಂಕ್ಷಿ ಯೋಜನೆ ಚಂದ್ರಯಾನ 3 ಯಶಸ್ವಿಯಾಗಿದೆ. ಆಂಧ್ರಪ್ರದೇಶದ ಶ್ರೀಹರಿಕೋಟಾದಲ್ಲಿರುವ ಸತೀಶ್ ಧವನ್ ಬಾಹ್ಯಾಕಾಶ ಕೇಂದ್ರದಿಂದ ನಭಕ್ಕೆ ಚಿಮ್ಮಿದ ಚಂದ್ರಯಾನ ನೌಕೆಯು ಯಶಸ್ವಿಯಾಗಿ ನಿಗದಿತ...

India successfully launches Chandrayaan 3

India launched Chandrayaan 3 mission successfully today. Chandrayaan which means “moon Vehicle” was launched from Satish Dhawan Space Centre...

ನಿಕೋಲಾ ಟೆಸ್ಲಾ

ಗುರುಗಣೇಶ್ ಅವರಿಂದ ನಿಮ್ಮ‌ ಸ್ಮಾರ್ಟ್‌ಫೋನ್‌ನಲ್ಲಿ ಕಳಿಸಿದ ಹಾಯ್ ಮೆಸೇಜೊಂದು ಊರು ರಾಜ್ಯ ದೇಶಗಳನ್ನು ಹಾರಿ ಸೆಕೆಂಡು ಕಳೆಯೋದ್ರಲ್ಲಿ ವಿದೇಶದಲ್ಲಿರೋ ನಿಮ್ಮ ಗೆಳೆಯನ ಚಾಟ್ ಬಾಕ್ಸಲ್ಲಿ ಹಾಜರಾಗುತ್ತೆ. ಸ್ವಿಚ್...

Empower your kids to deal with bullies

Children are excited to go back to school to meet their friends while parents are relieved to send their...

World Oceans Day

World Ocean’s Day celebrated every year on June 8th. History It was first proposed in 1992 at the Earth Summit...

Protests in Iran explained

By Tanushree Protests engulf Iran since the death of a 22-year-old woman Mahsa Amini on 16th September, in police custody....

Must read

2021 REWIND: Global events to remember

By Amrutha Varshini After a horrific 2020, the year ‘2021’...

You might also likeRELATED
Recommended to you