Clarence High School is all set to host the 2nd edition of Model United Nations at the inter-school level on 28th and 29th of June, 2019.
Follow this page for more updates in the coming week.
What is United Nations?
At home, school, college or within a country, when there is a fight between two individual, either parents, principal of the school or college, or high court respectively will sort out the problem and negotiates peace between the concerned individuals.
What happens when there is fight between countries, like it happened during the Second World War 1939-1945? Who will negotiate between the countries and bring in peace?
Second World War witnessed deadliest conflict in human history. Millions of people died from over 30 countries. With the aim of preventing any future wars at such a large scale, United Nations Organisation (UNO)was established. UN reflected the hope for just and peaceful global community.
United Nations was created by states to preserve peace between states after the Second World War. UN is the only global organisation with a mandate that encompasses security, economic and social development, protection of human rights, and the protection of the environment. It is an international forum for the member states to discuss, express their opinion and make decisions together.
UN was established on 24 October, 1945, by 51 countries, as a result of initiatives taken by the government of the states that had led the war against Germany and Japan. As of 2019, 193 countries are member of UN.
United Nations have 6 main organs which work towards preserving peace between states:
- The Security Council (Responsible for maintaining international peace and security)
- The General Assembly( Its a ‘Parliament of nations’, which meets to address the world’s most pressing problems. Each member state has one vote)
- The Secretariat (Carries out the administrative work of UN as directed by the General Assembly and the Security Council)
- The Economic and Social Council (Coordinates the economic and social work of the United Nations and the UN family of organisations.
- The Trusteeship Council (Consists of 5 permanent members of security council and meet only when required)
- The International Court of Justice ( Also known as world court, is the main judicial organ of the UN)
Since its inception, the UN has undergone many changes, which also reflects the changes in perceptions of international society and the nature of sovereign states. The UN concerns have expanded to include not only the protection of the rights of states, but also the rights of individuals. Being part of United Nations gives individual governments a status in the international system.
The UN has done enormous economic and social work, development work, management of peacekeeping and post-conflict reconstruction work since its inception. The UN has become the essential club for the states.
What is Model United Nations?
Have you wondered how it would be to represent your country in the United Nations? If given a pressing problem like climate change, refugee crisis, how will you negotiate and put your country’s interest forward in the international arena. As the name goes, Model United Nations (MUN) it is an attempt to simulate real life United Nations.
Students participating in the MUN will take a place of a delegate of a country or international organisation or NGO. Based on the given topic – like climate change, human rights, etc, participants should find probable solution for the given problem and deliberate and discuss at the conference. Each delegate representing their country should draft resolutions, discuss and make a decision together.
Not a competition, it is all about cooperation
It is a forum for discussion and not competition. As a student representing a country should draft their resolution and should know best how to defend its interest through debate and discussions. As a delegate of a country the students should play their part by sticking to their foreign policies but should also be aware when to compromise for the larger good.
How does it help students?
At school level, being part of MUN, expose them to what is happening around the world. It will significantly enhance their knowledge in international affairs. In order to represent the country, each student should read and prepare well. The student should not only understand the problem but also think of a solution. This develops the research skills, creativity and critical thinking skills.
Apart from ground work, it will help student to develop their oratory and diplomatic skills when they present their case, discuss and debate at the conference. It is not a competition, but it is more about reaching to an amicable solution.
Follow this page for more updates on Clarence Model United Nations 2019